Disc of Phaestos (alternate spelling Festos/Paistos)
The disk of Phaistos is classified by many as one of the most mysterious objects of all time.
The original artifact is a stone carving that can be seen in the Heraklion museum in Crete. It's size fits into a palm of a large male hand, it has captivated the mind and imagination of an unprecedented amount of researchers and remains an unsolved mystery.
The disc is considered particularly important as it was one of the very few valuable objects found in the very heart of the mighty Minoan civilsation from just before it's overnight destruction from a tidal wave (linked to the loss of Atlantis). When the palace was excavated, in crypt beneath the floor of Royal chamber of the palace of Festos was this disc, hidden from the public domain.
Some of the characters or 'glyphs' have been compared to Linear A and some resemble Egyptian hieroglyphs but apart from this resemblence the origin of the language is uncertain and incomparible to other known scripts.
Over the twentieth century there has been an endless list of archaeologists, linguists, anthropologists and even astronomers all of which have provided their own theorems for the disc's interpretation or intended function. Amongst the most interesting are the explanation of the disc being a very advanced form of ancient calendar, or a cosmic map in which elements inside the carved spiral mark the position of stars in our galaxy. Other theories link this artifact and language to the lost city of Atlantis.
Interesting links for further reading on the "Disc of Phaistos":
In other languages "Diskos von Phaistos"(German), "Disque de Phaistos" (French), "Schijf van Phaistos" (Dutch)
|Historic Period||Era: Minoan & Mycenean|
|Material||Solid Sterling Silver|
|Length (top to bottom)||50 mm (1 and 31/32in)|
|Outer diameter||22 mm (55⁄64in)|